Have you started experiencing difficulty while walking? Do you feel stiffness in your body with pain? Are your joints swelling? All these could mean that you are suffering from Arthritis. The most common form of Arthritis happens to be Osteoarthritis (OA) and it is usually found in elderly people. There are nearly 100 of reasons related to Arthritis and there are also those forms that can affect people at a young age. Some of the complicated ones are rheumatoid Arthritis, Gout Arthritis, Septic Arthritis, psoriatic Arthritis. In few cases, after affecting the joints, Arthritis can also create trouble to the eye, other organs or even the skin.
Causes of artritis :
Arthritis commonly occurs in the joints where a bone moves over the other bone. They are held together by ligaments which are elastic in nature. Then there is the cartilage which ensures that the two bones don’t rub against each other directly. It is when one of these things get affected that Arthritis occurs. Some of the main causes for Arthritis are if you have a genetic issue of Arthritis, a grave injury in the past, a job where physical strain is high and movements are repetitive. Sometimes it is also certain foods you eat. Obesity is another cause. There are also short-term Arthritis caused due to allergic reactions or infections.
Sympotms of Arthritis :
Though there are different varieties of Arthritis, the symptoms are quite common. Notable among them are a strange stiffness in the body during the morning, experiencing difficulty while moving a joint, lack of sleep, being unable to move the hand or walk, some sort of exhaustion and tired feeling, pains in muscle and ache, unexpected loss in weight. Also, whenever you have reduced your physical activities it leads to loss of flexibility and weakness in muscles.
As mentioned earlier, there are nearly hundred types of Arthritis but here are the most common forms. First in the list is Osteoarthritis wherein the cartilage loses its elasticity and begins to damage the bones. The second type is Rheumatoid Arthritis wherein the synovial membrane is affected which leads to a lot of pain and swelling. In some cases, lack of treatment will lead to deformity. The other type is infectious Arthritis wherein an infection is caused by a bacteria and it affects the tissues in joints. There is also the juvenile rheumatoid Arthritis which is commonly seen in individuals aged less than 16 years.
It is an degenerative joint disease, it is common effects the joints that bear our body weight such as knees, hips, ankle and spine.In osteoarthritis there is a break down of cartilage, a cartilage which acts as a absorber to the bones.
Due to this breakdown of cartilage the cushioning effect of the joint is lost, which results in pain and swelling on the joint. Osteoarthritis of the knee is mostly due to excess body weight, obesity and continuous trauma or injury to the joint. In the progressive stage it may worsen by deformities and may also develop limp.In some cases of osteoarthritis of knee the pain, deformities and dysfunction may be so worse that it may not respond to any treatment, in this cases knee replacement is suggested.Osteoarthritis of spine may present with pain in neck or lumbago due to the bony enlargement that forms long the arthritic spine which results into deformities.
Other risk factors include:
3. Muscle weakness
5. Advanced age
2. Rheumatoid Arthritis:
It is an chronic inflammatory disease involving mostly the small joints and may affect the organs. It is an autoimmune disorder. This cause is yet unknown.In Rheumatoid Arthritis there is pain, swelling, tenderness and morning stiffness which lasts for more than 1 hour, it mainly affects the synovium.
Other symptoms include
1. Dryness of eyes with watering of eyes
2. Dryness of mouth
3. Shortness of breath
4. Nodules under the skin and numbness and burning of skin
The course of Rheumatoid Arthritis varies greatly, some people may have mild symptoms, but in most of the people the disease is progressive for life. If diagnosed early and treatment is started we can prevent the progress of disease.
As Rheumatoid Arthritis is a systemic disorder it not only involves joints but also affects skin, lungs, kidneys, heart.
Rheumatoid Arthritis decreases the life span by 3 to 7yrs, with heart diseases, infections, GI bleeding, accounting from drug treatment, cancer as well as underlying disease may be responsible. Many of people suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis are severely disabled despite of full treatment. Women’s have poor prognosis as do people with subcutaneous nodules, advanced age at disease onset, inflammation in more than 20 joints, high ESR and high levels of RF and anti CCP.
3. Juvenile Arthritis:
It is an Arthritis related condition occurring in children and in teenagers less than 18yrs of age.
1. Symptoms include
3. Reduced physical activity
4. Poor appetite
5. Inflammation of joints with pain
An early diagnosis of disease can help in managing and minimizing the severity of disease.
Systemic JIA involves whole body, with symptoms as high grade fever which rises in the evening and drops down suddenly.
Oligo-Arthritis JIA involves four or fewer joints with pain, swelling and stiffness. Particular JIA (RA factor negative Arthritis) affects mainly girls with swelling and pain in five or more joints. Nodules under the skin subjected to pressure may also be their.
Particular JIA ( RA factor positive Arthritis) affects mainly children. Psoriatic Arthritis presents with rash associated with joint pains. Enthesitis related Arthritis which involves the lower extremities and spine. Undifferentiated Arthritis is a Arthritis which does not fit in any of the above categories.