It is a condition in which the over-active oil glands and dead cells clog the pores resulting into pimples. It mostly occurs in teen age. There are different forms of acne such as blackheads, whiteheads, pustules, papules, nodules or cysts. They mostly involve the face, neck, back and shoulders. If left untreated it may cause blemishes and scarring.
It is the inflammation of Skin often referred to as dermatitis. It is characterized by excessive itching, dry and scaly eruption with redness. It may occur at any age but most common in infants and children’s. It’s cause is unknown.
The different forms of Eczema are
o Atopic eczema
o Irritant contact eczema
o Allergic contact eczema
o Infantile seborrhoeic eczema
o Adult seborrhoeic eczema
o Varicose eczema
o Discoid eczema
It is a condition characterized by thick, red, swollen patches covered by silvery white scales. It mostly involves scalp, face, lower back, elbows, knees, fingernails and toenails. It may occur at any age. People with severe Psoriasis may have social embarrassment, job stress and emotional distress due to the appearance of the Skin.
There are different types of Psoriasis:
Plaque Psoriasis is characterized by raised scaly patches covered with white silvery scales.
Pustular Psoriasis appears in the form of raised bumps filled with non infectious pus. The Skin surrounding the pustules is red and tender.
Pustular Psoriasis types are
o Generalized pustular Psoriasis
o Persistent palmoplantar pustulesis
o Annular pustular Psoriasis
o Acrodermatitis continua
o Impetigo herpetiformis.
Guttate Psoriasis appears as red, tiny dots and the lesions may have some scaling. It may occur after bacterial or viral infection.
Psoriatic Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory arthritis that develops with Psoriasis. It is most commonly a seronegative Oligoarthritis.
The course of Psoriatic Arthritis is usually characterized by flares and remissions. The pattern is as
o Asymmetrical oligoarticular arthritis.
o Symmetrical polyarthritis.
o Distal interphalangeal arthropathy.
o Arthritis mutilans.
o Spondylitis with or without ileitis.
Rosacea is characterized by redness and pimples over the area of face. It mainly affects the forehead, lower half of nose and chin. It mostly occurs in woman and fairer Skin people. It mainly occurs in 30 to 40 yrs of age. It may be caused due to environmental or hereditary factors.
5. Dry Skin
Due to use of ordinary soaps, very cold, hot or dry whether or use of any chemicals.
Pruritus referred to as tingling sensation of Skin resulting in excessive scratching. It may be due to Skin diseases, internal disorders or external factors. Common causes being fungal infections, athlete’s foot, candidiasis, pruritus ani, chicken pox and parasitic manifestations.
Dermatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of Skin with itch and redness. The common causes are redness, swelling, itching and lesions.
o Contact dermatitis
o Atopic dermatitis
o Seborrhoeic dermatitis
o Perioral dermatitis
o Neuro dermatitis
o Stasis dermatitis.